Materials: 6 pound medicine ball
- Participants sit with their back against a wall, knees bent at a right angle, and feet flat on the floor.
- Participants held the medicine ball at shoulder height and are instructed to push the ball (not throw it) as far forward as possible, keeping their head, scapula on the nontest side, and back in contact with the wall and their nonthrowing arm in their lap.
- Participants are given 2 practice trials, one at 75% effort and one at 100% effort, with 20 to 30 seconds of rest between each trial.
- Practice trials are followed by 3 maximal-effort trials, again with a rest between each throw.
- Distance is measured from the wall to the site of ball contact with the floor, and the results of the 3 maximal-effort trials were averaged together.
|Negrete et al., 2010||Young Male and Female Subjects (Average age = 24.3)||Test-retest||0.97-0.99||7-8 in.||17-18 in.|
|Study||Population||Study Design||Cut Point/Reference Value|
|Mayhew et al., 1997||College Male Subjects (Average age= 20.1)||Cohort Study||Pre-Training= 4.39m, Post-Training= 4.47m (4.5 kg ball)|
|Negrete et al., 2010||Young Male and Female Subjects (Average age = 24.3)||Descriptive Laboratory Study||Dominant Arm = 92.3 in., Non-Dominent Arm = 83.6 in.|
|Young Female Subjects (Average age = 24.9)||Dominant Arm = 76.3 in., Non-Dominent Arm = 69.6 in.|
|Young Male Subjects (Average age = 23.4)||Dominant Arm = 118.2 in., Non-Dominent Arm = 106.2 in.|
|Chmielewski et al., 2014||Collegiate Men’s Football (Average age = 19.4)||Descriptive Laboratory Study||Dominant Arm = 597.8 cm, Non-Dominent Arm = 553.4 cm, LSI: 108.1%|
|Collegiate Men’s Baseball (Average age = 20.3)||Dominant Arm = 596.9 cm, Non-Dominent Arm = 541.8 cm, LSI: 110.8%|
|Collegiate Women’s Basketball (Average age = 20.7)||Dominant Arm = 365.8 cm, Non-Dominent Arm = 351.0 cm, LSI: 104.5%|
|Collegiate Women’s Lacrosse (Average age = 19.8)||Dominant Arm = 296.4 cm, Non-Dominent Arm = 287.7 cm, LSI: 103.2%|
|Collegiate Women’s Softball (Average age = 19.3)||Dominant Arm = 342.5 cm, Non-Dominent Arm = 325.1 cm, LSI: 105.7%|
|Collegiate Women’s Volleyball (Average age = 20.3)||Dominant Arm = 310.7 cm, Non-Dominent Arm = 292.6 cm, LSI: 106.3%|
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