Materials: (1) Tape measure


  • The patients stand on the leg to be tested, hop three times, and land on the same limb as far as possible
  • The distance hopped, measured at the level of the great toe, is measured and recorded to the nearest centimeter from a standard tape measure that is permanently affixed to the floor.


Study Population Type ICC
Kivlan et al., 2013 Female Dancers with and without Hip Dysfunction Test-retest reliability 0.96

Normative Data:

Study Population Study Design Distance (cm) MDC (cm) SEM (cm)
Hardesty et al., 2017 Asymptomatic Collegiate Female Basketball Players (Age= 20.0) Cross-sectional L: 388.3, R: 370.8
Asymptomatic Collegiate Female Soccer Players (Age= 19.2) L: 407.5, R: 398.2
Kivlan et al., 2016 Female Dancers with Femoroacetabular Impingement Quasi-experimental, cohort comparison 354.0
Female Dancers without Femoroacetabular Impingement 410.0
Kivlan et al., 2013 Female Dancers with Hip Dysfunction (Involved Limb) Quasi-experimental, repeated measures 370.2 20.8 7.51
Female Dancers without Hip Dysfunction (Non-Involved Limb) 388.1 20.8 7.51


1. Hardesty K, Hegedus EJ, Ford KR, Nguyen A-D, Taylor JB. Determination of Clinically Relevant Differences in Frontal Plane Hop Tests in Women’s Collegiate Basketball and Soccer Players. International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy. 2017; 12(2): 182-189.

2. Kivlan BR, Carcia CR, Christoforetti JJ. Comparison of Range of Motion, Strength, and Hop Test Performance of Dancers with and without a Clinical Diagnosis of Femoroacetabular Impingement. International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy. 2016; 11(4): 527-535.

3. Kivlan BR, Carcia CR, Clemente FR, Phelps AL, Martin RL. Reliability and validity of functional performance tests in dancers with hip dysfunction. International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy. 2013; 8(4): 360-369.

Continued Reading…


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